Evergreen Brick Works

For nearly a century, The Don Valley Brick Works produced millions of bricks every year. Located in the Lower Don River Valley just northeast of downtown Toronto, Canada, the surrounding land was created by a glacial river mouth during the last ice age depositing dirt and sand. The heavy weight of the glacier compressed the underlying contents into clay. In the late 1800s, the clay was discovered then mined and fired in kilns to produce a variety of colored bricks. In 1904, a great fire destroyed much of Toronto's downtown area. Afterward, laws required masonry construction for most buildings. Don Valley's manufactured bricks assembled many of  Toronto's buildings until 1984.

Evergreen Brick Workd

Don Valley signature brick

Evergreen Brick Works

During peak production, there were 6 smokestacks and only 1 still stands.

Evergreen Brick Works, Kiln

Firing Kiln

Toronto Streets, Brick Houses

Many of the homes in Toronto are built from Don Valley Bricks

When the clay was completely mined, the industrial site was abandoned. The surrounding area was toxic, the buildings fell in disrepair and graffiti scrawls filled the walls. (A common sight in many industrial nations.)

In 1991, the organization Evergreen began planting trees with a mission of 'inspiring action to green cities.' Today, Evergreen Brick Works is a "community environmental center that inspires and equips visitors to live, work, and play more sustainably."

Open daily and year-round, visitors can hike or bike nature trails, shop the garden store and a Saturday Farmer's Market or explore the factory with the old brick kilns and graffiti art-covered walls.

Top of what was once an open pit clay mine, Evergreen Brick Works

Panoramic view from the top of what was once an open-pit clay mine. Downtown Toronto in the distance.

Evergreen Brick Works

The bottom of the quarry, now a wetland.

Evergreen Brick Works

Shopping, Biking or Exploring

Evergreen Brick Works

Inside the factory, Kilns, Graffiti and an Art Exhibitions (left wall)

Evergreen Brick Works was a unique experience that should become a standard blueprint for the world's depleted industrial spaces. In a short time, a toxic site became an urban green space through vision, dedication, and the help of many volunteers. In the spring sunshine, many families were enjoying the nature trails, composting playground, and industrial art spaces. While touring Toronto, Brick Works was my favorite outdoor destination for 2 reasons;  the far-reaching positive environmental impact and... I collect historic bricks.

Historic Bricks

Found along the roadside as refuse, these bricks are from all over Texas, Oklahoma, and Mexico.

Evergreen desires to help people restore the natural health of their communities. "In 2014, 8500 volunteers planted over 17,000 trees and shrubs and over 2300 wildflowers across Canada." If you are interested in visiting, volunteering, donating, or learning more about the organization visit www.evergreen.ca     


Linda Lehmusvirta

Wow! What a great story about the Brick Works! You told it all. I was so overwhelmed by everything that I never got the whole picture, but now I have. Your photographs are amazing, considering that harsh sun.


We use the bricks in pathways, patios, and as edges in the garden.

Loree / danger garden

You got some great shots! I really enjoyed our time there as well, we’ve got a site here in Portland that needs this same kind of treatment – it’s an old mill right on the river.

So what do you do with the historic bricks you collect?

Helen at Toronto Gardens

We’re justifiably proud of the Brick Works here in Toronto. Very glad we could include it on the Toronto Fling itinerary — and that our Flingers enjoyed it. Thanks for the post, Sunshine!


Thank you Linda, there was so much to see and do in Toronto. The Brickworks was truly inspiring.

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